Principles of Interior Design
A good interior design can completely transform a space, making it both beautiful and functional. When customers come to us for interior decoration, our talented team of designers follow some basic principles to help our customers get the most out of their homes.
Some of the key principles of interior decoration include balance, rhythm, harmony, emphasis and proportion and scale. In this article we will review what each of these means, and hopefully help you to incorporate them into your own home design.
Balance is all about creating equilibrium. It takes into account the visual weight of objects in terms of the shape, size, colour, and texture. In interior design, there are three main types of balance:
• Symmetrical – in which two sides of a room mirror each other – such as having a chair on each side of the room.
• Asymmetrical – in which each side of the room is balanced in visual weight but there is not an exact duplication.
• Radial – in which balance is achieved by establishing a focal point and elements radiate around it.
Just as in music, rhythm in interior design is about creating patterns and predictability that allow the eye to move around the room. This is often done by using the same shape or colour in various locations throughout the design.
Harmony in interior design is when elements of a room work together to convey a unified theme. For example, natural materials may be used together to achieve a theme of restfulness.
If everything in a room is emphasized equally, then nothing is really emphasized at all. Interior designers will often have elements that they emphasize in a space. This could be a window with a beautiful view, a piece of art, or a fireplace. Emphasis of a fireplace may be created for example, by grouping furniture or accents around it.
Proportion and Scale
In interior design, proportion refers to the size of an object in relation to another object and scale refers to the size of an object in relation to the size of the space. Interior designers work to ensure that proportion and scale are functional and pleasing to the eye. For example, a huge oversized sofa in a small room would look out of scale.
If you would like help with your interior design either for your current home or for one that you are building, contact Superior Construction today for a consultation.